Multitask Learning

Taskology: Utilizing Task Relations at Scale

Y. Lu, S. Pirk, J. Dlabal, A. Brohan, A. Pasad, Z. Chen, V. Casser, A. Angelova and A. Gordon: “Taskology: Utilizing Task Relations at Scale.”, 2020. (full text)

It has been recognized that the joint training of computer vision tasks with shared network components enables higher performance for each individual task. Training tasks together allows learning the inherent relationships among them; however, this requires large sets of labeled data. Instead, we argue that utilizing the known relationships between tasks explicitly allows improving their performance with less labeled data. To this end, we aim to establish and explore a novel approach for the collective training of computer vision tasks. In particular, we focus on utilizing the inherent relations of tasks by employing consistency constraints derived from physics, geometry, and logic. We show that collections of models can be trained without shared components, interacting only through the consistency constraints as supervision (peer-supervision). The consistency constraints enforce the structural priors between tasks, which enables their mutually consistent training, and — in turn — leads to overall higher performance. Treating individual tasks as modules, agnostic to their implementation, reduces the engineering overhead to collectively train many tasks to a minimum. Furthermore, the collective training can be distributed among multiple compute nodes, which further facilitates training at scale. We demonstrate our framework on subsets of the following collection of tasks: depth and normal prediction, semantic segmentation, 3D motion estimation, and object tracking and detection in point clouds.